Why Pakistan Lags Behind India in Development

devemlopment of India and Pakistan
India Vs Pakistan development


Pakistan and India are two countries that are geographically close to one another and have deep historical, cultural, and linguistic ties to one another due to their common origins. But India has made significant progress in modernization, whereas Pakistan has fallen far behind. In this blog post, we will discuss some of the possible explanations behind this.

Conflict and Democracy in Politics

  • Pakistan’s unstable government.
  • India’s stable democracy and its effect on the country’s progress.

Since its formation in 1947, Pakistan has had a volatile political history. The country’s progress has been hampered by military coups and periods of political instability. The Indian government, on the other hand, has kept the country’s democratic system functioning smoothly ever since its independence.

Threats to Security

  • Pakistan’s security situation is precarious.
  • Developmental effects of India’s generally secure environment.

Second, Pakistan’s security has been a constant concern, especially along its borders. Large amounts of money have been spent on the military due to these difficulties, taking it away from development projects. India is not entirely safe, but it has a more secure environment than many other countries, allowing it to increase its development spending.

System of Education

  • Pakistan’s poor educational system.
  • How India’s superior educational system has contributed to the country’s progress.

Eventually, Pakistan’s inadequate education system has hindered the country’s human capital growth. Yet, India’s education system is superior in terms of the number of universities and the percentage of the population that can read and write.

Diversification of the Economy

  • Pakistan’s agricultural foundation and its role in driving GDP expansion.
  • India’s economy has flourished due to diversification and steady growth.

The agricultural sector accounts for a large portion of Pakistan’s GDP, a significant constraint on the country’s economic development. Conversely, India has sustained economic growth by diversifying its economy to include a more substantial share of services and manufactured goods.


  • Corruption at alarmingly high levels and its effect on Pakistan’s progress.
  • The Indian government’s attempts to clean up its act and be more open.

The high levels of corruption in both the public and commercial sectors are another problem Pakistan has faced. Because of this, fewer foreign investors have entered the market, slowing economic expansion. While corruption is still a problem in India, the country has made significant steps towards eliminating it and increasing transparency in recent years.


  • A synopsis of the elements holding back Pakistan’s progress.
  • With the appropriate policies and investments, Pakistan can achieve enormous growth and development.

Several factors contribute to Pakistan’s lack of progress, including political unpredictability, security threats, a flawed educational system, an over-reliance on agriculture, and pervasive corruption. The public and commercial sectors must devote time and money to solving these problems. Yet, with the correct policies and investments, Pakistan may thrive and flourish significantly in the years ahead.